mahjong chinese word meaning

It is similar to Western Gin Rummy in concept. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, params: { Through the study of symbols, we can delve into the deeper meanings of the tiles. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('mcp').setCategoryExclusion('resp').setCategoryExclusion('wprod'); iasLog("criterion : cdo_tc = resp"); By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy, 2020 Stack Exchange, Inc. user contributions under cc by-sa, https://english.stackexchange.com/questions/176842/what-is-the-story-behind-the-word-mahjong/176856#176856. var googletag = googletag || {}; iasLog("criterion : sfr = cdo_dict_english-chinese-simplified"); Like many popular games, mahjong has many regional variations, from the Chinese prevailing wind system to American mahjong with special bingo-like scoring cards. var pbMobileLrSlots = [ googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pc", "dictionary"); {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]] } }, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, type: "cookie", It is commonly played by four players (with some three-player variations found in Korea and Japan). { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, "sign-out": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signout?rid=READER_ID" Mahjong Words. "authorization": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/info?rid=READER_ID&url=CANONICAL_URL&ref=DOCUMENT_REFERRER&type=ENTRY_TRANSLATE&v1=english-chinese-simplified&v2=mah-jong&v3=&v4=english-chinese-simplified&_=RANDOM", ga('set', 'dimension2', "entry"); type: "html5", { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, All tiles from 1 to 9 (108 tiles) are called suupai (number tiles), and all other tiles (28 tiles) represent winds and dragons, called jihai (word tiles). Actually, Mah jongg has a much clearer etymology than chess. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 250] }}, The Chinese character “将” has 3 different pronunciations: jiàng, qiāng, and jiāng. params: { googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, pbjsCfg = { According to what you have quoted, we don't have much reason to believe it; it's described as a myth, and the same source goes on to give some more credible claims that the game is more recent, and not invented by a philosopher who said that gambling is wrong (albeit preferable to idleness). googletag.pubads().disableInitialLoad(); {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, 'min': 0, Browse our dictionary apps today and ensure you are never again lost for words. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 50] }}, }, Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. addPrebidAdUnits(pbAdUnits); "authorizationTimeout": 10000 { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, "authorizationFallbackResponse": { googletag.pubads().setTargeting('cdo_alc_pr', pl_p.split(",")); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 50] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [300, 600] }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, There are many versions of Mahjong, but the main 4 are • … { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, Mahjong definition: a game of Chinese origin, usually played by four people, in which tiles bearing various... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples expires: 60 Add the power of Cambridge Dictionary to your website using our free search box widgets. Mahjong is a popular Chinese game played with sets of tiles. },{ {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, Thanks for your comment. Mahjong is a four player game of skill, originating in China. (Games, other than specified) a game of Chinese origin, usually played by four people, in which tiles bearing various designs are drawn and discarded until one player has an entire hand of winning combinations [from Chinese, literally: sparrows] name: "identityLink", {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, },{ { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, userIds: [{ { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("sfr", "cdo_dict_english-chinese-simplified"); Mahjong tiles (Chinese: 麻將牌 or 麻雀牌; pinyin: májiàngpái; Cantonese Jyutping: maa4zoek3paai2; Japanese: 麻雀牌; rōmaji: mājampai) are tiles of Chinese origin that are used to play mahjong as well as mahjong solitaire and other games. 'cap': true As far as I know myths and legends are still highly regarded in current Chinese culture. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, mahjong: A game of Chinese origin usually played by four persons with tiles resembling dominoes and bearing various designs, which are drawn and discarded until one player wins with a hand of four combinations of three tiles each and a pair of matching tiles. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, What is the story behind the word "Mahjong". googletag.pubads().collapseEmptyDivs(false); iasLog("setting page_url: - https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english-chinese-simplified/mah-jong"); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, dfpSlots['topslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [[728, 90]], 'ad_topslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); bidderSequence: "fixed" { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, Hi Jon, the question is: what is the story behind the word Mahjong? var dfpSlots = {}; Synonyms: var mapping_topslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[728, 90]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); Learn more. {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, },{ }] {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, However, most Mandarin-speaking Chinese now call the game májiàng (麻將). However, most Mandarin-speaking Chinese now call the game májiàng (麻將). { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; 'max': 8, ga('create', 'UA-31379-3',{cookieDomain:'dictionary.cambridge.org',siteSpeedSampleRate: 10}); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, A solitaire game using the same tiles, where the player wins by removing pairs of matching exposed tiles until none remain. 'increment': 0.5, googletag.cmd.push(function() { noun a game of Chinese origin usually played by four persons with 144 dominolike pieces or tiles marked in suits, counters, and dice, the object being to build a winning combination of pieces. if(pl_p) The expression "what is the story" can mean "what are the facts about". A complete dictionary search. Similar to the Western card game rummy, mahjong is a game of skill, strategy, and calculation and involves a degree of chance. pbjs.que = pbjs.que || []; { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ei", "mah-jong"); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, These rules will focus on the most basic rules of mahjong, which are the same across most other variants. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, type: "html5", { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, Get results from both the General dictionary and the Collaborative one through one single interface! googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pt", "entry"); You can also provide a link from the web. pbjs.que.push(function() { In Northern Wu Chinese (Shanghainese and its relatives), it is pronounced as 麻將 [mu tsiaŋ], but in actuality, 麻將 is the diminutive form of 麻雀, written as 麻雀兒 [mu tsiaʔ ŋ], due to an erhua event. iasLog("criterion : cdo_pc = dictionary"); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, var pbjs = pbjs || {}; { Chinese Pinyin example sentence with 中 ( zhong / zhōng ) ⓘ Writing in Pinyin Before using this Pinyin example sentence, consider that Chinese characters should always be your first choice in written communication. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, dfpSlots['houseslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [], 'ad_houseslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); priceGranularity: customGranularity, Hóng Zhōng (紅中 , red middle), Fā Cái (發財 , prosperity), and Bái Bǎn" (白板 , white board) represent benevolence, sincerity, and filial piety, respectively. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, },{ Google says "sparrows", but is that accurate and why sparrows? {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, var mapping_rightslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, "sign-in": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signin?rid=READER_ID", Mahjong Words weaves together the ancient traditions of Mahjong with the new element of word building. Chinese word for a sequence of three consecutive tiles of the same suit – also known as a Chow. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, The oldest known sets come from about 1870 in the Ningbo region of Zhejiang, perhaps by Chen Yumen ➚ 陈鱼门 Chén Yúmén (1817-1878). { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, Classified under: Nouns denoting acts or actions. Improve your vocabulary with English Vocabulary in Use from Cambridge.Learn the words you need to communicate with confidence. expires: 365 googletag.pubads().addEventListener('slotRenderEnded', function(event) { if (!event.isEmpty && event.slot.renderCallback) { event.slot.renderCallback(event); } }); The game and its regional variants are widely played throughout Eastern and South Eastern Asia and have a small following in Western countries. Mah jong definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, ga('require', 'displayfeatures'); var mapping_leftslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([1063, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]]).addSize([963, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, name: "unifiedId", dfpSlots['btmslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/btmslot', [[300, 250], 'fluid'], 'ad_btmslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_btmslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); When talking about the game mahjong, “将” is pronounced as “jiàng.” The name 麻将 (májiàng) evolved from 麻雀 (máquè), meaning sparrow. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, var mapping_houseslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], [300, 250]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); In the very earliest known writings about the game (the 1890s), the game was referred to by various names, among them chung fa, que ma que or ma que (in Cantonese: mah cheuk).The game was not called "mahjong" by the Chinese who played it, and that name was not used until the early 1900s. Mahjong (English pronunciation: / m ɑː ˈ dʒ ɒ ŋ / mah-JONG, Mandarin Chinese: [mǎ.tɕjâŋ]) is a tile-based game that was developed during the Qing dynasty in China and has spread throughout the world since the early 20th century. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. It boggles my mind that the word "Chess" has a vast amount of information regarding the origin, history and etymology available, while "Mahjong" leaves us grasping at straws. var pbAdUnits = getPrebidSlots(curResolution); dfpSlots['rightslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/rightslot', [[300, 250]], 'ad_rightslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_rightslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, } if(refreshConfig.enabled == true) { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, iasLog("exclusion label : resp"); mah-jong definition: 1. a Chinese game in which players pick up and put down small painted pieces of wood or other…. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, Meaning: Chinese game played by 4 people with 144 tiles. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, Translation for 'mahjong' in the free English-Chinese dictionary and many other Chinese translations. In think it is very interesting and I didn't say it is the only or most credible story. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, 'cap': true { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, A language student may think, “It’s impossible to learn all these Chinese words! { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, }; { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 100] }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, Mahjong is played both as a casual game amongst family and friends and as a way to gamble. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_pt = entry"); Most of these form four series each of three suits: Bamboo (Sticks), Dots (Wheels), and Cracks (Numbers). 'max': 30, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }},

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