Nigeria has some notable facts for which it can beÂ remembered: It is theÂ most populous country in Africa, theÂ seventh most populous country in the worldÂ and the most populousÂ blackÂ country in the World. The first line would connect the cities and ports of Lagos, Cotonou, Lomé and Accraand would allow the lâ¦ West African Countries: List of Countries in West Africa, Nigeria has some notable facts for which it can beÂ remembered, Inside Comedian Tumi Morake’s Family Life With Husband Mpho Osei-Tutu and Their 3 Children. The Benin Empire was a post-classical empire located in what is now southern Nigeria. ", Mann, Gregory. Capital: NâDjamena. Soccer is the most popular sport. Despite the wide variety of cultures in West Africa, from Nigeria through to Senegal, there are general similarities in dress, cuisine, music and culture that are not shared extensively with groups outside the geographic region. Following World War II, nationalist movements arose across West Africa. The Crossword Solver finds answers to American-style crosswords, British-style crosswords, general knowledge crosswords and cryptic crossword puzzles.  Dishes such as taguella, eghajira, etc. 4 Culture. One of the goals of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is the development of an integrated railroad network. Go back to see more maps of Africa Pray the Devil Back to Hell is a documentary film about the origin of this peace movement. Guinea-BissauÂ has had quite significant political and military insurgency since independence from Portugal in 1974. Like the griot tradition, praise singers are charged with knowing the details of specific historical events and royal lineages, but more importantly need to be capable of poetic improvisation and creativity, with knowledge of traditional songs directed towards showing a patron's financial and political or religious power. The overfishing generally comes from foreign trawlers operating in the region. Like most African countries, Guinea was not free from political oppression and instability. , Christianity was largely introduced from the late 19th century onward, when missionaries from European countries brought the religion to the region. School of Human Ecology, Museum of African Art (U.S.). Among all these, cotton is the largest contributing cash crop. The development of the region's economy allowed more centralized states and civilizations to form, beginning with Dhar Tichitt that began in 1600 B.C. Like other African countries, the Djibouti country encounters a series of civil unrest and anxiety in government. Some types of folk music are religious in nature such as the "Tassou" tradition used in Serer religion.. However, the subject is largely a taboo, and professional treatment is still rare..  The population of West Africa is estimated at about 381 million people as of 2018, and at 381,981,000 as of 2017, of which 189,672,000 are female and 192,309,000 male. ", "Caf have split the West African Football Union into two separate zones", "Nigeria surpasses Hollywood as world's second-largest film producer â UN", "The Islamic World to 1600: The Fractured Caliphate and the Regional Dynasties (West Africa)", http://www.islamreligion.com/articles/304/, "WIPSEN EMPOWERS WOMENâ¦To fight for their rights", The Voyage of the Sieur Le Maire, to the Canary Islands, Cape-Verde, Senegal, and Gambia, ECOWAS Bank for Investment and Development, List of countries where Arabic is an official language, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=West_Africa&oldid=991598460, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, ÐÐµÐ»Ð°ÑÑÑÐºÐ°Ñ (ÑÐ°ÑÐ°ÑÐºÐµÐ²ÑÑÐ°)â, Srpskohrvatski / ÑÑÐ¿ÑÐºÐ¾Ñ ÑÐ²Ð°ÑÑÐºÐ¸, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. International Monetary Fund, 2001. harvp error: no target: CITEREFTishkoffReedFriedlaenderEhret2009 (. , Due to the large numbers of West Africans enslaved in the Atlantic slave trade, most African Americans, Afro Latin Americans and Black Caribbeans are likely to have mixed ancestry from different regions of western Africa. Causes include logging, subsistence agriculture, and the collection of fuelwood. Benin declared itself a republic as the Republic of Dahomey on December 4, 1958, and gained its independence from France on August 1, 1960. Regional leaders of nonviolent resistance include Leymah Gbowee, Comfort Freeman, and Aya Virginie Toure. , To combat the overfishing, Greenpeace has recommended countries reduce the number of registered trawlers operating in African waters, increase the monitoring and control and set up regional fisheries organizations. Meanwhile, south of the Sudan, strong city-states arose in Igboland, such as the 10th-century Kingdom of Nri, which helped birth the arts and customs of the Igbo people, Bono State in the 11th century, which gave birth to the numerous Akan States, while Ife rose to prominence around the 14th century. Who is Debby Clarke Belichick ‘Bill Belichick’s Ex-Wife’?  Senegal and Ghana also have long traditions of producing films. "The archaeology of West Africa, ca. There is still significant lack of transparency in the country. Mangroves are being killed off by pollution. Republic of Chad. Cape Verde has an estimated population of about 500,000, with a quarter of its citizens living in the state capital PraiaÂ while almost 38% live in the rural areas. The impact this epidemic had on the world, and particularly West Africa, is significant. The Tiv people found in Nigeria and partly in Cameroun are also among the largest. Sierra Leone Among The English Speaking Countries In West Africa The Republic of Sierra Leone as it is known official is an African country located in West Africa. In the forest region, Iron Age cultures began to flourish, and an inter-region trade began to appear. The language of the government is English but Sierra Leoneans speak the Krio language. Forests form a belt between the savannas and the southern coast, ranging from 160 km to 240 km in width.  Smelting furnaces appear in the Nok culture of central Nigeria by about 550 BC and possibly a few centuries earlier. ", Law, Robin. For historical reasons, Western European languages such as French, English and Portuguese predominate in Southern and Coastal subregions, whilst Arabic (in its Maghrebi varieties) spreads inland northwards. Although some of these recipes have been altered to suit the sensibilities of their adopters, they retain a distinct West African essence. The Republic of Niger has a reputation for being the largest nation in West Africa, however, 80% of this land mass is covered by theÂ SaharaÂ desert. Some of West African countries that speak French are: 1. ", Dueppen, Stephen A. On March 29, 2016, the WHO lifted the PHEIC status on West Africaâs Ebola situation. It has an established multi-party system and a tradition of civilian rule.  Archaeological sites containing iron smelting furnaces and slag have been excavated at sites in the Nsukka region of southeast Nigeria in what is now Igboland: dating to 2000 BC at the site of Lejja (Eze-Uzomaka 2009) and to 750 BC and at the site of Opi (Holl 2009). Chadic-speaking groups, including the Hausa, are found in more northerly parts of the region nearest to the Sahara, and Nilo-Saharan communities, such as the Songhai, Kanuri and Zarma, are found in the eastern parts of West Africa bordering Central Africa. This tropical sub-Saharan country depends on agriculture. It should not be confused with the modern-day country called Benin, formerly called Dahomey. French is the official language of Guinea. miles) 47.7 % of the population is urban (191,841,724 people in 2019). As for Africa, scientists have formerly concluded that it is the birthplace of mankind, as large numbers of human-like fossils (discovered no where else) were found on the continent, some dating back 3.5 million years. Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) consider its western end to be Nouakchott, Mauritania, or to be Dakar, Senegal, giving rise to these alternative names for the road: Of the sixteen, the most important hub and entry point to West Africa are Kotoka International Airport, and Murtala Muhammed International Airport, offering many international connections. 90,000 YBP. The population density in Western Africa is 66 per Km 2 (172 people per mi 2). Togo is also rich in natural minerals and is among the largest producers of phosphate in the world.  60% of African-Americans (in the study) were of the E1b1a haplogroup, within which 22.9% were particularly of the E-M2 haplogroup; they also possessed numerous SNPs (e.g., U175, U209, U181, U290, U174, U186, and U247). Essentially, West Africaâs farmers and firms produce and trade in highly localized markets and do not achieve the sufficient economies of scale required to attract broad-based investment that could accelerate growth and reduce poverty. The Republic of Ivory Coast one country in West Africa that once had pride as the model of stability since after her independence in 1960 however, this was short-lived as the country was thrown into political chaos in the early 21st century when armed rebellion split the country in two in 2002. Here Are Facts, Kamala Harris Family – What To Know About Her Children, Husband And Parents, A Look at Kyle Kuzma’s Ethnicity, Parents and how Tall He’s Become. The best-known of these toga-like garments is the Kente (made by the Akan people of Ghana and Ivory Coast), who wear them as a gesture of national pride. The President Yahya Jammeh took over power in 1994 following a coup that was successfully carried out without any bloodshed. Christianity has become the predominant religion in the central and southern part of Nigeria, and the coastal regions stretching from southern Ghana to coastal parts of Sierra Leone. central and northern Senegal). Niger is among the worst developing countries in Africa and this is mostly caused by the fact that it is a landlocked country. The list of West African countries and their currencies shows that eight of 16 countries in West Africa use the West African CFA Franc as their official currency. The NigerâCongo-speaking Yoruba, Igbo, Fulani, Akan and Wolof ethnic groups are the largest and most influential. The Liptako-Gourma Authority of Mali, Niger, and Burkina Faso seeks to jointly develop the contiguous areas of the three countries. Some steps have already been taken in the form of WARFP (the World Bank's West Africa Regional Fisheries Program which empowers west-African countries (i.e. Four of these were in Africa: Nigeria (25%), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (11%), Mozambique (5%), â¦ In the case of Niger, numerous praise songs are composed and shown on television in praise of local rulers, Islamic clerics, and politicians. They differ greatly in construction due to the demands made by the variety of climates in the area, from tropical humid forests to arid grasslands and deserts.  The eastern border is less precise, with some placing it at the Benue Trough, and others on a line running from Mount Cameroon to Lake Chad. ", This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 22:05. The Benin Empire was "one of the oldest and most highly developed states in the coastal hinterland of West Africa, dating perhaps to the eleventh century CE",. Commonly featured, starchy vegetables include yams, plantains, cassava, and sweet potatoes. Portuguese traders began establishing settlements along the coast in 1445, followed by the French, British, Spanish, Danish and Dutch; the African slave trade began not long after, which over the following centuries would debilitate the region's economy and population.  However, during colonization, the European colonizers such as the French and British killed most of the wildlife particularly the lionsâusing their body parts as trophies. Part of the West-African regions underwent an increase in the numeracy level throughout the 19th century. Its coast in the south lies on theÂ Gulf of GuineaÂ on theÂ Atlantic Ocean. Approximately 9.98 million people live in this West African nation. "Locating colonial histories: between France and West Africa.". Even wispy acacias are hacked away for use in cooking fires to feed growing families. Currency: Central African CFA franc. Sine and Salum). Islam is the predominant religion of the West African interior and the far west coast of the continent (60% of West Africans); and was introduced to the region by traders in the 9th century. , According to a ThoughtCo publication authored Steve Nix (2018), almost 90 percent of West Africa's original rainforest has been destroyed, and the rest "heavily fragmented and in a degraded state, being poorly used. It was annexed by the British Empire in 1897 during the invasion and scramble of Africa. Examples of modern popular griot artists include Salif Keita, Youssou N'Dour, Mamadou Diabate, Rokia Traore and Toumani Diabate. Liberia, Sierra Leone, Cape Verde, and Senegal) with information, training and monitoring systems. The major national teams of West Africa, the Ghana national football team, the Ivory Coast national football team, and the Nigeria national football team regularly win the Africa Cup of Nations. Since the end of colonialism, the region has been the stage for some brutal conflicts, including: The Economic Community of West African States, established in May 1975, has defined the region of West Africa since 1999 as including the following 15 states:, Geopolitically, the United Nations definition of Western Africa includes the preceding states with the addition of Mauritania (which withdrew from ECOWAS in 1999), comprising an area of approximately 6.1 million square km. There are 54 countries in Africa today, according to the United Nations. The country is largely dependent on peanuts export since the soil does not support much of other products. The largest religious group is Roman Catholicism. Traditional folk music is also well-preserved. The Neanderthals arose some 200,000 years ago and inhabited regions in northern Africa and across parts â¦  The major multi-sport event of West Africa is the ECOWAS Games which commenced at the 2012 ECOWAS Games. Poaching has stolen most of its wildlife." The Republic of GhanaÂ has Ivory CoastÂ on its west,Â Burkina FasoÂ on its north,Â TogoÂ on the east and theÂ Gulf of GuineaÂ on the south of its borders. Natural raw materials like Cocoa, coffee, and cottonseed contribute up to 40% of all earnings from exportation. There were an additional 36 cases and 15 deaths that occurred when the outbreak spread outside of these three countries. Only 14% of the population in Guinea-Bissau speaks PortugueseÂ asÂ the official language, the majorityÂ (up to 44%) speakÂ KriolÂ which is aÂ Portuguese-based creole languageÂ whileÂ the remainder speaks native African languages. (Introduction). Abidjan is the second biggest capital city in West Africa.  Rice is also a staple food, as is the Serer people's sorghum couscous (called "Chereh" in Serer) particularly in Senegal and the Gambia. Mohamed Branine, Managing Across Cultures: Concepts, Policies and Practices (2011), p. 437, Bandia Nature Reserve is sometimes called, Deforestation by Country & Region ("Country Forest Data [sorted by region]") [in]. Competition between Praise-singing ensembles and artistes are high, and artists responsible for any extraordinarily skilled prose, musical compositions, and panegyric songs are lavishly rewarded with money, clothing, provisions and other luxuries by patrons who are usually politicians, rulers, Islamic clerics and merchants; these successful praise-singers rise to national stardom. The Kingdom of Nri was a West African medieval state in present-day southeastern Nigeria and a subgroup of the Igbo people. Established on May 8, 2006, Women Peace and Security Network â Africa (WIPSEN-Africa), is a women-focused, women-led Pan-African non-governmental organization based in Ghana. The domestication of the camel allowed the development of a trans-Saharan trade with cultures across the Sahara, including Carthage and the Berbers; major exports included gold, cotton cloth, metal ornaments, iron, and leather goods, which were then exchanged for salt, horses, textiles, and other such materials. The United Nations defines Western Africa as the 16 countries of Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Togo, as well as the United Kingdom Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha. Guinea-Bissau is a West African country bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Senegal. The country has aboutÂ 3.7 million people livingÂ withinÂ the confines of its boundary. Who Is Andy Bassich and What Happened To His Wife? The capital is Porto-Novo. , The northern section of West Africa (narrowly defined to exclude the western Maghreb) is composed of semi-arid terrain known as Sahel, a transitional zone between the Sahara and the West Sudanian savanna. The remaining 16 countries account for the other half of the West African population, with Ghana coming in at a distant second (7.5 percent of West Africaâs population). Among its borders are Benin,Â Nigeria,Â Burkina Faso,Â Â Mali,Â Algeria,Â LibyaÂ andÂ ChadÂ in different directions. , Before European colonisation, West African countries such as those from the Senegambia region (Senegal and the Gambia) used to have a diverse wildlife including lions, hippopotamus, elephants, antelopes, leopards etc. "Constructing Avatime: questions of history and identity in a West African polity, c. 1690s to the twentieth century. The Sosso Empire sought to fill the void but was defeated (c. 1240) by the Mandinka forces of Sundiata Keita, founder of the new Mali Empire. It is believed that local peoples at that time had begun to become more settled, and to use pottery to store and cook indigenous grains (including pearl millet). Its craft was the most adored and treasured bronze casting in the history of Africa. The Kingdom of Nri was unusual in the history of world government in that its leader exercised no military power over his subjects. , Traditional African religions (noting the many different belief systems) are the oldest belief systems among the populations of this region, and include Akan religion, Yoruba religion, Odinani, and Serer religion. The film has been used as an advocacy tool in post-conflict zones like Sudan and Zimbabwe, mobilizing African women to petition for peace and security. West African cuisines have had a significant influence on those of Western civilization for centuries; several dishes of West African origin are currently enjoyed in the Caribbean (e.g., the West Indies and Haiti); Australia; the USA (particularly Louisiana, Virginia, North and South Carolina); Italy; and other countries. Guinea is a West African country with a population of 10,057,975 and occupying an area of 246,000 square kilometres As part of its borders, Guinea hasÂ Guinea-Bissau,Â Senegal, andÂ MaliÂ on the northern part, and its southern border is shared withÂ Sierra Leone,Â Liberia, andÂ CÃ´te d’Ivoire. Since gaining independence, many countries in West Africa were ruled by corrupt governments led by military dictators. The Eze Nri managed trade and diplomacy on behalf of the Nri people and possessed divine authority in religious matters. In fact, the CFA was introduced as a common currency to the former French colonies in 1945. The Nigerian cinema industry is the second largest film industry in terms of number of annual film productions, ahead of the American film industry in Hollywood. "Olfert Dapper, a Dutch writer, describing Benin in his book Description of Africa (1668) ". GDP growth (annual %) - Sub-Saharan Africa from The World Bank: Data West African country Guinea is a republic. Mali is also endowed with natural resources which includeÂ gold, being the third largest producer of gold in Africa. Soares, Benjamin. , A particular haplogroup of DNA, haplogroup L2, evolved between 87,000 and 107,000 years ago or approx. Tishkoff et al., Whole-mtDNA Genome Sequence Analysis of Ancient African Lineages, Duncan E. Miller and N.J. Van Der Merwe, 'Early Metal Working in Sub Saharan Africa', Minze Stuiver and N.J. Van Der Merwe, 'Radiocarbon Chronology of the Iron Age in Sub-Saharan Africa'. To the Northeast, this nation is bordered by Guinea and to the Southeast, it is bordered by Liberia. Indeed, almost half of West Africans are Nigerian, and with over 172 million inhabitants, Nigeria is the most populous country in the entire African continent.  Its age and widespread distribution and diversity across the continent makes its exact origin point within Africa difficult to trace with any confidence, however an origin for several L2 groups in West or Central Africa seems likely, with the highest diversity in West Africa. Northern tribes developed walled settlements and non-walled settlements that numbered at 400. Sierra Leone is rich in mineral resources. Does Gabriel Iglesias Have A Wife, Son or Family? The country covers just 71,740 square kilometers and has a population of about 7 million, consisting of mostly Muslims. Starting with the Women of Liberia Mass Action for Peace and Women in Peacebuilding Network (WIPNET), the peace movement has grown to include women across West Africa. , Mbalax, Highlife, Fuji, Afrobeat, and Afrobeats are modern musical genres of West Africa and its diaspora. Islamic rules on livelihood, values, dress and practices had a profound effect on the populations and cultures in their predominant areas, so much so that the concept of tribalism is less observed by Islamized groups like the Mande, Wolof, Hausa, Fula, Songhai, Zarma or Soninke, than they are by non-Islamized groups. Despite the closeness of various countries in West Africa, there is significant cultural and religious diversity of Christianity and Islam being the two predominant religions in this area.  The UN region also includes the United Kingdom Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha in the south Atlantic Ocean. Local leather, cloth, and gold also contributed to the abundance of prosperity for many of the following empires. The Tenerian, who were a more lightly built people that hunted, fished and herded cattle, lived during the latter part of the green Sahara approximately 7,000 to 4,500 years ago.. The first line would connect the cities and ports of Lagos, Cotonou, LomÃ© and Accra and would allow the largest container ships to focus on a smaller number of large ports, while efficiently serving a larger hinterland. The desertification of the Sahara and the climatic change of the coast caused trade with upper Mediterranean peoples to be seen. Sierra Leone is an English-speaking west African country which greatly relies on mining, especially diamonds, for its economic base and mineral exports remain the main foreign currency earner andÂ also among the largest producers of titanium and bauxite, and a major producer of gold. Islam is the religion of the region's biggest ethnic groups by population. Republic of Niger, is anotherÂ landlocked countryÂ inÂ Western Africa. Countries of West Africa: Burkina Faso, Nigeria, Senegal, Cape Verde, Gambia, Liberia, Mali, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Mauritania, Niger, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Sao Tome and Principe and Togo. The West African Monetary Union (or UEMOA from its name in French, Union Ã©conomique et monÃ©taire ouest-africaine) is limited to the eight, mostly Francophone countries that employ the CFA franc as their common currency. This guide provides selected high-quality resources on the global, political, economic, social and cultural aspects of the continent of Africa and its countries. Agriculture is the major source of income which also provides jobs for the major part of the population. This long history of cultural exchange predates the colonization era of the region and can be approximately placed at the time of the Ghana Empire (proper: Wagadou Empire), Mali Empire or perhaps before these empires. How Letoya Makhene Divorced Her Husband of 9 Years For Her Lesbian Partner Lebo... Mihlali Ndamase Lost Her Dad to Suicide at Age 22 and Is Secretly Dating... Dog The Bounty Hunter’s Family Including Details of His Late Wife and Kids.  Aims include the extension of railways in member countries, the interconnection of previously isolated railways and the standardization of gauge, brakes, couplings, and other parameters. Andrew Frankel Bio – Age, Family & Net Worth, Demystifying Jazz Jennings Real Name, Boyfriend & Family Of One The Youngest Transgenders, Abby and Brittany Hensel Bio, Are They Married or Engaged? Scores of foreign visitors to West African nations (e.g., traders, historians, emigrants, colonists, missionaries) have benefited from its citizens' generosity, and even left with a piece of its cultural heritage, via its foods. West African Geography quiz - just click on the map to answer the questions about the countries in West Africa , West Africa is greatly affected by deforestation, and has one of worst deforestation rate.  West African Christians are predominantly Roman Catholic or Anglican; some Evangelical churches have also been established. Three great kingdoms were identified in Bilad al-Sudan by the ninth century. Leaving, however, an effect on the development of the states.  Ethnic intermarriage and shared cultural icons are established through a superseded commonality of belief or community, known as ummah. Benin covers an area of around 115,000 sq km. The tree itself is rather majestic and looks like a huge phallus and a deformed animal or thing is protruding from it. He held on to power till he was ousted in an election he had earlier accepted the result only to come back later and void it. As a result, the peoples of the region's diverse nations wear a wide variety of clothing with underlying similarities. In other areas of West Africa, primarily among the Hausa, Mossi, Dagomba and Yoruba in the area encompassing Burkina Faso, northern Ghana, Nigeria and Niger, the traditional profession of non-hereditary praise-singers, minstrels, bards and poets play a vital role in extending the public show of power, lineage and prestige of traditional rulers through their exclusive patronage. The country boasts of the third largest naturalÂ harborÂ in the world where shipping from all over the globe berth at Freetownâs famous Queen Elizabeth II Quay. Typical pieces of west African formal attire include the knee-to-ankle-length, flowing Boubou robe, Dashiki, and Senegalese Kaftan (also known as Agbada and Babariga), which has its origins in the clothing of nobility of various West African empires in the 12th century. Out of the entire African nations, there are 16 nations that make up the West African countries. , West Africans cuisines include fish (especially among the coastal areas), meat, vegetables, and fruitsâmost of which are grown by the nations' local farmers. Togo is a small West African country with a population of 6.7 million people andÂ suffers from very lean economic growth and approximately one half of the population lives below the international poverty line of US$1.25Â a day.  The northern border is the Sahara Desert, with the Ranishanu Bend generally considered the northernmost part of the region. Britain controlled the Gambia, Sierra Leone, Ghana, and Nigeria throughout the colonial era, while France unified Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Burkina Faso, Benin, Ivory Coast, and Niger into French West Africa. This free map quiz game is a great way to increase student engagement when trying to learn these and other geography facts.  Fufu (from the Twi language, a dough served with a spicy stew or sauce for example okra stew etc.) The total land area is 6,064,060 Km2 (2,341,346 sq. The main traditional styles of building (in conjunction with modern styles) are the distinct Sudano-Sahelian style in inland areas, and the coastal forest styles more reminiscent of other sub-Saharan areas.
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